The social security systems that, perhaps more than any other governmental programs, have characterized the development of industrial societies are under siege. On the threshold of the twenty-first century, the future of social insurance is uncertain; it may even be seriously threatened.
In this important book, nine leading scholars probe deeply into the nature of social rights, trying to read the near future and locate the most meaningful and effective role that social insurance can play as today's new socioeconomic patterns develop.
In-depth chapters analyse existing systems and recent and ongoing reforms in seven countries--Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden, the United States, Japan, Taiwan, and China. There is also a chapter on the European Union's work toward a harmonised scheme to match other programs of integration, and a chapter on the all-important interpenetration of social insurance and human rights. The authors clearly demonstrate that the unprecedented challenges faced by social insurance today arise not only from changes in the patterns of society, but also from lack of confidence and ideological prejudice on the part of both academia and public policy.
As a major analysis of why and how a great milestone in human progress is faltering under contemporary pressures, this book is of enormous value. It deserves to be read and absorbed by all professionals in the field who want to use their knowledge and skill to ensure a future in which every man, woman, and child is provided with opportunity to live as full a life as possible.
Within all large consumer facing organizations, most decisions about how to deal with people are made automatically by computerized decision making systems. Information about people, their lifestyle and past behavior are used to predict how they are expected to behave in the future. It can be determined if someone applying for a bank loan will make their repayments, who will respond to a marketing communication and the likelihood that someone will claim on their insurance policy. This book provides a step-by-step guide to how Predictive Analytics is used by some of the world's most influential organizations. This includes international banks, leading insurance providers, credit reference agencies and national governments. It covers all stages of the Predictive Analytics process. This includes project management, data collection, sampling, data transformation and pre-processing, model construction, validation, implementation and post-implementation monitoring of the model's performance.
Pocket Principles for the Insurance Business provides daily motivation for those in the insurance industry who wish to embrace adversity in order to reach success. As a seasoned life insurance salesman who has qualified for the million dollar roundtable every year he's been in the business, B.A. Newman truly understands the ups and downs of a business that has a retention rate of just 12 percent, and he provides the tools necessary to face rejection and rely on it as a positive influence when success seems unattainable. His inspirational snippets include relational and easily applied advice such as: work for the best companies, listen to your clients, love what you do, and don't sacrifice your reputation to make a sale. In a profession that can sometimes seem more like a roller coaster ride than smooth sailing, these motivational quotes will help inspire anyone to do great things ... every day. "Ben's Principles help our producers keep striving for goal achievement even on their toughest days." -Michael T. Fleming, CLU, ChFC General Manager & Financial Advisor, Mass Financial Group, Inc. "Pockets principles will have an impact on my first Million Dollar Roundtable qualification ..." Mark E. Kull, Financial Representative Northwestern Mutual Financial Network, Louisville, Kentucky AUTHOR BIO Benjamin Newman is a life insurance salesman who is a several-time qualifier for the million dollar roundtable. He is Founder of Continued Fight, LLC, a company that helps organizations overcome challenges and seek positive outcomes. Benjamin and his wife Ami live in St. Louis, Missouri, with their son J. Isaac.
Mass spectrometry (MS) along with its hyphenated techniques is capable of high throughput, sensitivity, accuracy and selectivity for the analysis of structure and composition of almost any product. Like in electrophoresis, MS separates mo- cules based on the mass-to-charge ratio. In case of gel electrophoresis (SDS- PAGE), a well-known and efficient bioanalytical technique, proteins bear negative charges but have the same charge density, so proteins are separated according to their size. Similarly, in case of MS analysis, proteins carry the same charge, and are separated by their molecular weight. Unlike SDS-PAGE, however, modern ultra high resolution MS discerns very small mass differences and can resolve and completely identify in a single experiment species of the same nominal mass in complex biological mixtures. Consequently, MS can be used for the structural characterization, identification and sensitive detection of mixtures of biomolecules or for assessing the quality of isolated proteins (purity, integrity, or post-translational modifications, for example), carbohydrates, nucleic acids, drugs, metabolites, pollutants etc. In the post-genome era, MS is continuously developing as one of the most re- able analytical method for elucidating the structure of molecules originating from various biological matrices. The potential of MS for high-sensitive structural a- lyses became unsurpassable after the introduction of electrospray (ESI) and matrix assisted laser/desorption ionization (MALDI) methods, on one hand, and the pos- bility to deduce in detail unknown biopolymer structures by highly accurate mo- cular mass measurement followed by sequencing using dissociation techniques based on multiple stage MS, on the other.
Statistics published by the U. S. Department of Commerce (1980) indicate that in 1977 we spent 8. 1% of our gross national product (GNP) on life, health, property-casualty, and other forms of insurance. An additional 5. 7% was used to pay the Social Security tax, which is another form of insurance premium, for a total of 14. 8% of the GNP. Although insurance had its historical origin in marine insurance, it has now developed into one of the major industries of the American economy and extends into many areas of economic activity. One area where growth has been particularly strong is the medical sector. Health insurance is a major institution in all industrialized countries. It became a government responsibility in 1883 when Bismarck intro- duced a compulsory program of health insurance for industrial workers in Germany. Programs for workers in various industrial and income categories soon followed in other European countries-Austria (1888), Hungary (1891), Norway (1909), Servia (1910), Great Britain (1911), and Russia and Romania (1912) (Rubinow, 1913:250). Programs in these countries were extended in subsequent years, and other countries in Europe followed with their own programs. Consequently, today most industrial countries have universal or near-universal health insurance coverage. In the United States the issue of national health insurance has been seriously debated since just prior to World War I, and polling data since the 1930s show that a substantial majority of the public has been supportive of such a program (Erskine, 1975).